A brief history of the development of packaging machinery
Packaging machinery is developed with the emergence of new packaging materials and the continuous innovation of packaging technology. The papermaking technology invented in China has provided conditions for the production of paper packaging in history.
In 1850, the price of paper fell sharply in the world, and paper packaging began to be used for food. In 1852, Wally of the United States invented a paper bag making machine, which led to the emergence of paper products machinery. In 1861, Germany established the world's first packaging machinery factory, and in 1911, it produced a fully automatic forming filling and sealing machine.
China's packaging machinery started late. After more than 20 years of development, China's packaging machinery has become one of the top ten industries in the machinery industry, providing an effective guarantee for the rapid development of China's packaging industry. Some packaging machinery has filled in the domestic gap, has basically met the needs of the domestic market, and some products are still exported.
China's export volume of packaging machinery is less than 5% of the total output value, while the import volume is almost equal to the total output value, far from the developed countries. In terms of product structure, China's packaging machinery industry only has more than 1300 kinds of products, with a small number of supporting products and a lack of high-precision and large-scale products, which can't meet the market demand: the product quality gap is reflected in low performance, poor stability and reliability, unsightly appearance, rough surface treatment, poor quality of many components, short life and low reliability It affects the quality of the whole product; from the perspective of the enterprise situation, the domestic packaging machinery industry is short of leading enterprises, and there are few enterprises with large production scale and high product grade; from the perspective of product development, China is still basically in the stage of test and imitation, with weak self-development capacity and lack of pilot bases for scientific research and production, and the scientific research funds only account for 1% of the sales, compared with 8-10% in foreign countries.
The technical level of China's packaging machinery is 20 years behind that of the advanced countries. It is at a disadvantage in the competition of product development, performance, quality, reliability and service.
Under the premise of continuous development, in the packaging industry, we can see that there are many contradictions in the packaging machinery industry, enterprises can not cope with the changes of the situation, and the industry development ideas do not adapt to the development of the situation; The technological innovation ability is weak, the technological progress is slow, the new product development has not fundamentally got rid of the situation of imitation research and tracking, the competitiveness is not strong, and the economic growth and benefit promotion are still mainly driven by scale.
In addition, there are some packaging machinery enterprises whose management is extensive and refined, market awareness, competition awareness and crisis awareness are not strong, service market and customer awareness, urgency and responsibility for development are not strong, and some packaging machinery enterprises' recognition and use of people do not adapt to the laws of market economy.
In the face of adverse factors, the most urgent thing is to change the development mode of all enterprises in the packaging machinery industry. Enterprises should stand at a new starting point to examine and solve the above contradictions and problems, change the development concept, strengthen independent innovation, enhance market awareness, and vigorously promote the development of domestic packaging machinery industry.
To change the current situation of packaging machinery industry and promote the development of packaging machinery, the industry should pay attention to the development trend of packaging machinery while making great strides forward.
With the continuous development and progress of science and technology, the emergence of various food processing products put forward new requirements for packaging technology and packaging equipment. Packaging machinery plays an increasingly important role in the field of circulation.
Packaging machinery competition is increasingly fierce, and highly automated, intelligent, multi-functional, high efficiency, low consumption packaging equipment more and more favored by the industry.
The degree of process automation is higher and higher. Automation technology has accounted for more than 50% of the packaging production line. A large number of computer design and mechatronics control are used to improve productivity, flexibility and flexibility of equipment, and increase manipulator to complete complex packaging actions.
Each manipulator is controlled by a separate computer. The camera monitors the packaging action and feeds back the information to the computer to adjust the action range and ensure the packaging quality. Soon packaging machinery will innovate new industries. Foreign countries with high level of packaging and food machinery mainly include the United States, Germany, Japan, Italy and the United Kingdom.
German packaging machinery is in the leading position in design, manufacturing and technical performance.